It borders with Poland to the North (761.8 km), Germany to the Northwest and West (810.3 km), Austria to the South (466.3 km) and Slovakia to the East (251.8 km).
Area: 78 864 sq. km
Population: 10 436 560 (census 2011)
Capital: Praha – 1 268 796 (census 2011)
Administrative divisions: 14 regions
Official language: Czech
Czech anthem: Kde domov můj
Political system: parliamentary republic (president: Miloš Zeman)
Religions: predominantly Roman-Catholic (39.2%), a large proportion of the population are atheists (39.7%)
The highest point: Sněžka at 1602 m
This small nation boasts a host of spectacular cultural treasures and a varied, rich tapestry of natural wonders.
From the physical-geographical point of view the Czech Republic is situated on the divide of two mountain systems of the Bohemian massive and the Western Carpathians. The main European watersheds dividing the river basins of the North, Baltic and Black Seas pass through the territory of the Czech Republic.
The natural wealth in the Czech Republic is protected in many areas which have officially been declared nature reserves. On the territory of the Czech Republic there are four national parks (Krkonoše, Šumava, Podyjí and České Švýcarsko).
On the territory of the Czech Republic there are numerous cold and hot natural mineral water springs which are used for curative and convalescent treatments in areas where there are also spas.
Thanks to Czech Republic position in the heart of Europe the country has been confronted with various cultural influences and architectural styles in the course of its history. Since the country suffered little damage during the World War II, nor destruction due to redevelopment projects, a rich cultural heritage has been preserved.
In the Czech Republic there is a total of 12 properties inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, 4 folk masterpieces (elements) inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and 6 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves.
For further information about the Czech Republic, please visit:
http://www.czech.cz/en – the official Czech Republic web site (operator is Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Richard Wagner, 1826
Praha (English: Prague) is the capital, largest city and also political, economic and cultural centre of the Czech Republic.
Textbook of architectural styles with its wealth of monuments, a city filled with music, romance and nostalgia is mainly a modern city full of life. Since 1992 the historical core of the city covering 866 hectares has been listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Prague is a city of unusual beauty. It is called “Golden City, City of a Hundred Spires or Mother of Cities”. It is a natural amphitheatre through which the Vltava River flows, filled with a thousand years’ worth of manmade structures with aspirations greater than simply satisfying basic human needs. Its prime, yet sensitive, location in the heart of Europe is at the confluence of trade routes, political interests, and cultural influences.
Prague’s history is one written by fire and sword, as well as by pen, paintbrush, chisel, carpenter’s axe, and stonemason’s trowel. As a reference point in the classification of cityscapes, Prague is often likened to Rome. In the sense that both cities are ageless, this is a suitable comparison. Historical Prague consists of six parts – the Old Town (Staré Město), the Jewish Town (now called Josefov), the New Town (Nové Město), the Lesser Quarter (Malá Strana), Hradčany and Vyšehrad – mostly former towns which were integrated in the 18th century.